V.        Miscellaneous Tax Responsibilities


1.         File IRS Form SS-4 for Tax I.D. Number (EIN) for Estate and Trust,                            CPA               

            if not already done.


2.         File Form 56 - "Notice of Fiduciary Relationship" with the IRS

            for Estate, if there is a Personal Representative, and, if not, 

consider filing for Trustee or other persons in possession of

property.                                                                                                                            CPA         



3.         Determine who has responsibility for the income tax plan for the Estate

and Trust.                                                                                                                          CPA         


4.         Choose the tax year for the Estate and/or Trust.                                                              CPA                                                         

5.         Determine who has responsibility to file decedent’s final 1040 which

            is due by April 15th of year following decedent’s date of death and any

            other return not filed by decedent as of the date of death.                                              CPA         


6.         Consider a request for audit of decedent's income tax return for open years and

discharge of liability (IRC Section 6905).                                                                        CPA         


7.         Determine if gift tax returns are due and who is responsible for filing.                           CPA         


8.         Set up tickler for filing gift tax and estate tax as well as fiduciary income

tax returns for the Estate and/or Trust for the first year and subsequent

years.  Personal Representative, Trustee and accountant should all have

ticklers no matter who is responsible.                                                                         __________


9.         Determine if Estate Tax Return is due and who is responsible.                                 __________


10.        (a)        Federal Estate Tax Return (706) is required, if the gross estate

                        (including adjusted  taxable gifts) exceeds $11,400,000 in 2019,

                        plus certain inflation adjustments in future years.                                          __________                           

            (b)        Consider portability.                                                                                       __________   


11.       The following may be necessary to be filed with Form 706:                                     


--Certified copy of will.                                                                                  __________


            --Copies of trust instruments and any documents granting a power              __________

  of appointment.


            --Disclaimers, Waivers, Releases, Renunciations, etc.                                    __________


            --Copies of all valuation and appraisal information relating to

               each item on the Form 706.                                                                         __________


            --Form 712 for all life insurance policies on decedent’s life.                          __________


            --Form 938 (Now 712) for life insurance owned by decedent

               on life of another.                                                                                        __________


            --Copies of all appraisals.                                                                                __________


            --Copies of extension applications, if any.                                                      __________



            --Statement waiving rights to deduct on the Estate Tax Returns

   those administration expenses and casualty losses deductible on

   the Estate Income Tax Returns if the personal representative

   decides to deduct those expenses on the income tax return. Place

   memo in file showing items used on income tax return. Note:

   can and probably should only file waiver, if audited; otherwise,

   the statute of limitations will eventually solve the problem but never

   double deduct items without correcting one or the other return.

   Note some limited items can be double deducted.                                      __________


12.       If there is a closely held family business, determine if all or a portion

can be excluded from the estate.                                                                                __________


13.       Consider if there may be fractional interest, minority, lack of                                  

marketability or other discounts on asset values.                                                        __________


14.       Determine if an election to claim a marital deduction for qualified

            terminable interest property (QTIP) under IRC Section 2056(b)(7)

            is to be made.                                                                                                              __________


15.       Determine if Qualified disclaimer under IRC 2518 is necessary.                              __________   


16.       Determine whether decedent received property from a transferor who

            died within ten years before or two years after the decedent. May be a PTP

credit.  Place memo in file showing items used.                                                         __________


17.       If payment would be a hardship, apply to the District Director of the IRS for

permission to pay the estate taxes over a period of years and file this request with

Estate Tax Return (6166, 6166A, 6161, etc.).                                                            __________



If cash is needed and if the estate holds a substantial interest in a

closely-held corporation that qualifies, consider 303 redemption and

Section 333 liquidation. Consider treatment for state income taxes.                         __________


19.       Request an early audit (2204) of 706 for federal and state Estate Tax Returns.       __________


20.       If no clause as to payment of death taxes in Will or Trust, see IRC 2206,

            2207 and SC12-15-1540 for apportionment.                                                              __________


21        Complete accrued Income in Respect of a Decedent (IRD) and report on

            Estate Tax Returns and fiduciary income tax returns.                                                    CPA          


22.       Complete Deductions in Respect of Decedent (DIRD) amounts for

           1041 and make sure beneficiaries are aware of any affect on their personal

           tax returns.                                                                                                                        CPA          


23.       Determine if any gift tax returns have been filed.                                                          CPA          



24.       Determine any household or other employees and whether all reporting

            requirements are taken care of by the decedent’s accountant.                                       CPA                           


VI.       Marshalling and Inventorying Assets (Generally)


1.         Inventory safe deposit box.                                                                                        __________


            Box #: ___________              Location:____________________________


2.         Suit considered if death caused by an accident, negligence or malpractice.              __________


3.         Write all bankers, brokers and others with whom deceased might have had

 Business relations for additional assets. Also check with the unclaimed property

division of each state in which the decedent lived.                                                     __________   


4.                  Examine personal records such as tax returns for three years preceding date

            of death and all gift tax returns. Other records such as check books and

            canceled checks may also be necessary.                                                                     __________


5.         Obtain car appraisals and transfer title and insurance if applicable.                           __________


6.         Determine if insurance on automobiles, personal effects, real estate, etc. are

adequate.                                                                                                                     __________


7.         Discontinue or change gas, electricity, telephone, water, charge accounts, etc.,

if applicable.                                                                                                                __________


8.         Remove valuables from dwelling and place of business, if applicable. 

            Prepare Receipts and Releases and Distribution Agreements (if it is for the

            final distribution if part of a series of distributions but final distribution

            not yet made) (Form 401PC).                                                                                     __________



9.         Cancel and settle open orders and accounts with brokers, if applicable.                   __________


10.       Arrange for Postmaster to forward mail, to Personal Representative

            or Trustee, if necessary.                                                                                              __________


11.       Contact employer or former employer with respect to any death benefits,               

            salary fees, commissions, other compensation owed, or ownership interest.             __________               

12.       Cancel subscriptions and charge accounts and receive refunds,

            if applicable.                                                                                                                __________


13.       Determine if interest, dividends and other amounts due prior to death

            are received.                                                                                                                __________


14.       Open estate checking account.                                                                                   __________



15.       Place all liquid assets (stocks, bonds, mutual funds and cash, etc.) in

            brokerage account with check writing privileges, if not already

            in Trust with similar arrangement. Note:  The Law Offices of Michael

            J. Howell does not handle any funds.                                                                                    __________


16.       Determine if E Bonds should be exchanged for H Bonds and, if so,

            complete exchange Form 3235. Toll free number 1-800-USBONDS.                       __________


17.       File Inventory and Appraisement (Form 350PC), if a Personal Representative

            is appointed. Due ninety days (90) after appointment of Personal Representative

            by Probate Court.                                                                                                        __________


18.       Prudent Fiduciary Standards require assets to be managed.                                                             

The Law Office of Michael J. Howell, P.A. does not manage or handle assets. 

Who will invest and manage the assets?                                                                     __________


19.       Is there a large IRA?  If so, client must make sure CPA makes                                

            all final analysis and required elections. Rollover options should be considered,

if there is a surviving spouse.                                                                                           CPA          


20.       CPA should make sure any IRA distributions required by the decedent                             

            are/were made for the year of death and are not inadvertently rolled over.                   CPA          


21.       Roth IRAs should be separately analyzed by CPA as to distribution requirements.      CPA          


VII.          Probate Accountings


1.         Determine who will prepare accounting, if needed.                                                   __________


2.         Beginning balance of accounting is normally the same as probate assets on

            the 706.                                                                                                                       __________


3.         Make sure Personal Representative places all stocks, bonds, mutual funds,

checking accounts and other liquid assets in brokerage account. If not done right

after death, then will cause substantial additional accounting costs.                         __________


4.         Personal Representative must use estate’s EIN for the broker or other

accounts not the decedent’s social security number or that of the

Personal Representative; otherwise will create problems of whose taxable

income is reported to and can be time consuming to correct.                                     __________


5.         Personal Representative must provide copies of all bank, brokerage and

            related statements at least monthly to person preparing accounting, until the

            probate estate is closed.                                                                                              __________


6.         Accounting should be kept up to date on a monthly basis.                                        __________


7.         Personal Representative, CPA and attorney should periodically be provided

            with accountings.                                                                                                        __________

8.         Accounting should be filed with Probate Court, as required.                                                __________


9.         Date Account Due: 62-3-1003, if Personal Representative is appointed,                                         

one year after date of first publication of notice to creditors.                                                __________


VIII.    Social Security, V.A. and Medicare


1.                  Surviving spouse and/or minor disabled children should file for survivorship

            SS benefits, if applicable.                                                                                           __________


2.         File for Social Security lump sum death payment, if applicable.                                __________


3.         Personal Representative and/or Trustee should file for Medicare

            benefits, if applicable.                                                                                                 __________


4.         Last social security payment may be taken back by Social

      Security Administration.                                                                                             __________


Items IX-XXV Deal in Large Part with Filing Estate and Generation Skipping Transfer Tax Returns, Which May Not Be Required Due to the Large Federal Exemption. However, Anytime there is a Surviving Spouse, Even if no Such Return is Required, Portability Should be Discussed and Considered.


IX.       Real Estate


1.         Determine if decedent owned real estate and how property is titled. 

            Obtain copy of deed.                                                                                                  __________


2.                  Check for fractional interest, minority, lack of marketability

or other available discounts.                                                                                       __________


3.                  Contact appraiser to appraise property and make sure appraiser signs

            Inventory as to property appraised (Form 351 PC) (62-3-707).                                 __________


4.         File Deed of Distribution (Form 400PC) when appropriate (62-3-907 and 908).      __________


5.                  File death certificate or JTROS Affidavit when appropriate.  Note:  JTROS

            Affidavit is a Beaufort County custom.                                                                     __________


6.                  Check any leases for obligations of lessor and lessee in which decedent was

            a party. Obtain evidence that both parties have complied with any obligations.       __________


7.         Pro rate rent to date of death, if any.                                                                         __________


8.         Complete Form ET491-A IRS Form 4422 "Release of Estate Tax Lien" if

            real estate is to be sold during administration.                                                           __________



9.         If a Personal Representative has been appointed, consider sale of real estate

            to pay debts, if applicable/needed (62-3-1301).                                                         __________


10.       Place all information on Estate Tax Return and/or Probate Court

Inventory, if any. Make sure all backup information is with Estate

Tax Return. Also make sure that if Estate Tax Return Schedules have

references to attachments, they are taken off for Probate Court

Inventory purposes.                                                                                                    __________


X.        Stocks, Bonds and Other Securities


1.                  Obtain copy of all brokerage statements received just prior to and just after

            date of death.                                                                                                              __________


2.                  Obtain copies of any securities not in a brokerage account and have them

            placed in a brokerage account.                                                                                    __________   


3.         Obtain professional EVP valuation of all stocks and bonds. Note: 

The expense of an EVP appraisal is normally more than offset by the

additional time and cost it takes to obtain the correct information

from a broker or from newspapers.                                                                             __________   


4.         Personal Representative and Trustee must be comfortable that insurance

coverage on brokerage account is adequate.                                                               __________


5.         Place all information on Estate Tax Return and/or Probate Court

Inventory, if any.                                                                                                        __________


6.         Make sure all backup information is with Estate Tax Return .                                   __________


7.                  Make sure all monthly statements are forwarded to person responsible

for the accountings.                                                                                                    __________